Menstrual Cramps (Dysmenorrhea) are cramping pains in the lower abdomen or back. Many women have this problem just before and during their periods. This is one of the common and annoying parts of their periods. For some women, these cramps can be severe enough to do their daily activities. The range of pain from mild to severe. In medical term ‘menstrual cramps’ called ‘Dysmenorrhea’. This pain tends to begin after ovulation. Usually during this time egg is released from the Ovaries and travels down through the fallopian tube.
In Menstrual cramps, women may have
- Acing mild to severe pain in the belly
- Pain in the lower back and inner thighs.
- Upset stomach, vomiting, nausea, and dizziness.
- Constipation and loose tools
Causes of Menstrual Cramps
During menstrual periods, contraction in the uterus (womb), which is a muscle causing the pain. If it contrasts too strongly the pressure on the blood vessels. The hormone called Prostaglandins trigger this problem. Prostaglandins are chemicals that produce in the uterus during the menstrual period. This cause muscle contraction and severe pain in the abdominal.
There are various reasons for menstrual cramps:
Endometriosis is a disorder which leads the tissue that forms outside the uterus. The lining of the uterus is called Endometriosis. The main reason for this is hormonal changes.
These noncancerous abnormal growths that develop in or on the wall of woman uterus can cause severe pain.
Pelvic Inflammatory disease (PID)
PID is an infection of the female reproductive organ caused by sexually transmitted bacteria leads to pain.
Heavy or irregular menstrual periods
Obviously, the duration and severity of menstrual periods and bleeding vary from one to another woman. This is one of the reasons cause severe pain during menstrual periods.
Best Home Remedies for menstrual pain
Here are some amazing and effective home remedies for menstrual cramps that can help to get immediate relieve period pains naturally.
Placing a hot water bottle or heating pad on the abdomen can relax menstrual pain. Applying heat is one of the most effective and preferred methods to get immediate relief from severe pain. Heat helps the uterus muscles to relax and reduce the pain. You can apply heat on the abdomen multiple times in a day until you obtain relief.
Massage with essential oils
Getting a massage or doing self-massage on abdomen with coconut oil, peppermint oil, sesame oil or lavender oil can relieve period pain. You can use any one of these oils. Most of these oils have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
Making some changes in your diet plan can relax your pain. Eating fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and omega-3 fatty acid contain food. One should take a lot of fluids (water, fruit juice) to make the body always hydrated. Avoid junk food (snacks, oily food, and meat) can help you get immediate relief.
Soak 2 tablespoons of fenugreek seeds in a glass of water overnight. Then consume it on an empty stomach in the early morning. These seeds contain compounds like lysine and tryptophan-rich proteins. These elements reduce pain.
Acupressure can help relief from severe pain and reduce tension in muscles. Acupressure is a very famous medical practice developed more than 5000 years ago in China. The space between the index finger and thumb is a pressure point to get relief from menstrual pain. Press the point with the thumb of another hand for one minute. Better to do this thrice a day.
Best yoga to relieve menstrual cramps
Touch your big toes together and kneel on the floor. Sit on your heel. Take a deep breath and slowly exhale bend forward and lay your torso between your thighs. Stretch your arms forward and relax in this movement 1 minute. Then come back to the same pose as the beginning and inhale deeply.
This is one of the best asanas to get relief from menstrual pain. Twists are believed to stimulate your muscle and detox your body. lying down on your back and your shoulders should stretch out. Bend your right knee and place over your left side of the body (shown in picture). Ensure and relax in this pose for 30 seconds to 1 minute. Get back to the earlier position. And do this on the other side. Do 5-6 times.