Kidney stones (Renal lithiasis, Nephrolithiasis) are solid masses made of minerals and salts that form inside your kidneys. Passing kidney stones one of the quite painful medical condition. They can develop anywhere along the urinary tract, including kidney, ureters, bladder, urethra. There are several reasons for kidney stones. Most of the time the stones may be small and pass unnoticed the urinary tract. The kidney stone grows up to the size of golf ball while maintaining the hard and crystalline structure.
Cause of Kidney stones
There are many reasons to form the kidney stones. The major reason for kidney stone is not drinking enough water every day. Generally, individuals are recommended to drink eight to ten glasses of water a day. An excessively acidic environment in urine also one of the main reasons for the formation of kidney stones. Medical conditions such as urinary tract infection, renal tubular acidosis, and hyperparathyroidism.
Types of Kidney stones
Not all kidney stones are made up of the same crystals and same reason. Knowing the type of kidney stone help us to determine the cause proper treatment. There are four types of kidney stones.
Calcium stones are the most common kidney stones. Usually, they are made of calcium oxalate. Oxalate is a naturally occurring substance found in various food items include:
- Potato chips
Uric acid stones
People who don’t drink enough fluids (8-10 glasses of water a day) or who lose too much fluid (in terms of sweat and urine) have more chances to form Uric acid stones. Certain genetic aspects also cause the formation of Uric acid stones.
These stones are formed because of urinary tract infection. Struvite stones can grow quickly and become very large.
These stones are formed in people with a hereditary disorder problem. An excess in cystine in the urine cause to form of cystine stones in the kidney.
Symptoms of Kidney stones
Kidney stones cause severe pain in lower back or stomach. Usually, symptoms of kidney stones until the stone moves around within your kidney or begins to move down the ureters. The pain may come and go but can be intense. People with this pain tend to be restless.
Following are some of the symptoms of kidney stones:
- Blood in urine (severe)
- Frequent need to urinate
- Urinating small amount of urine
- Chills and fever
- Pain on urination
- Pain in lower abdomen and groin
- Cloudy or foul-smelling urine
Pain caused by stones is moving from kidney to ureters to bladder. Stones move from the urinary tract.
Best home remedies for Kidney stones
Drinking plenty of fluids (water and fruit juice) is an important part of passing kidney stones and preventing new stones form. It helps to move stones through your urinary tract.
Drinking water is one of the easiest ways to treat your kidney stones. Drinking 8-10 glasses of water per day prevent to form kidney stones. You can see the change in your body by testing the color of your urine. It should be a very light and pale color. If your urine is in dark yellow color it is the sign of dehydration.
You can add squeezed lemons to your water daily as it contains citrate. It helps to break down calcium deposits and slow their growth. Citrate also break small stones and helps to move through your urinary tract. Lemon juice has so many health benefits. For example, it reduces the growth of bacteria.
Basil leaves helps to stabilize uric acid levels. Basil contains acetic acid, helps to dissolve stones. Use fresh basil leaves to make a tea and drink every day. It has so many health benefits. Basil leaves contain antioxidants and anti-inflammatory.
Pomegranate helps to lower urine acidity and reduce the risk of kidney stones. Pomegranate juice helps to flush out stones and other toxins from your system. Since it has so many other health benefits you can consume as much pomegranate juice as you want.
Celery juice clears away toxins that contribute to kidney stones formation. It helps to flush out the body of the waste toxins so you can pass the stones. Take one or more celery stalks and blend it with water and drink the juice. Don’t drink this juice when you have low blood pressure or any bleeding disorder.
Kidney beans broth
Kidney beans are the source of magnesium, which helps to prevent and reduce symptoms associated with kidney stones. The broth from kidney beans helps improve overall kidney health. The best way is to strain the liquid from cooked beans and drink a glass every day.
Apple cider vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is one of the best and effective home remedies for kidney stones. Apple cider vinegar contains acetic acid, it helps to dissolve the kidney stones. There are numerous other health benefits with apple cider vinegar.