Diabetes is a serious complex condition occurs when your blood glucose, also called as blood sugar, is too high. In this condition, your body does not properly process food for use as energy. Normally, the pancreas (an organ behind your stomach) releases insulin. Which helps your body store and use the sugar and fat from the food you eat. Sometimes your body does not make enough insulin or does not use insulin well. At this movement, glucose stays in your blood and does not reach cell. Over time, having too much glucose in your body cause severe health problems. This condition is called ‘Diabetes’.
In a recent report of The International Diabetes Federation, 5% of India population suffer from diabetes and it will increase to 123 million by 2040. As of now, 30 million people in the United States had diabetes. Diabetes affects 1 in 4 people above the age of 65. About 90-95 percent of adult cases are type 2 diabetes.
How does Diabetes affect the body?
Knowing how diabetes affects your body helps you care your body and prevent from complications.
Symptoms of Diabetes
- Blurry vision
- Frequent urination
- Extreme fatigue
- Unexplained weight loss
- Cuts/ wounds that are slow to heal
- Numbness or tingling in the hands and feet
- Feeling hunger and thirst always – even though you are eating
- Risk of heart disease
- Nerve and blood vessels damage.
- Kidneys damage
Types of Diabetes
There are three main types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
1. Type 1 diabetes –
This is also called insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile-onset diabetes. As it’s mostly beginning in childhood. Type 1 diabetes usually caused by an auto-immune condition, where the body attacking its own pancreas with antibodies. What prompts the attacks is not clear. This might be genetic reasons or environmental reasons or lifestyle factors. The disease may affect people of any age but develops usually in children and young people. Treatment for type 1 diabetes is taking insulin, which needs to be injected through the fatty tissue below.
2. Type 2 diabetes –
This is called non-insulin dependent diabetes or adult-onset diabetes. About 90% of cases in diabetes it is type 2 diabetes. This means your body is not effectively utilizing insulin. In this condition, your body produces a low level of insulin which leads to high blood sugar.
Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are serious and no such things as mild diabetes.
3. Gestation diabetes (GDS)-
This is a form of diabetes during pregnancy because of high blood glucose levels. GDS develops 1 in 25 pregnancies worldwide, but usually, disappear after pregnancy. In a recent survey, half of the women with the history of GDM have chances to develop type 2 diabetes within 5 to 10 years.
Natural ways to lower blood sugar levels
Diabetes occurs when your body can’t effectively transport sugar from the blood into cells. This is a disorder of metabolism.
Here are some best and easy ways to lower blood sugar levels naturally.
- Regular exercise
- Increase your Fiber intake
- Control your carb intake
- Drink more water and stay hydrated
- Control your stress levels
- Monitor your blood sugar levels
- Get enough good sleep
- Eat food rich in magnesium and Chromium
- Try to lose some weight (if your overweight)
- Eat fenugreek seeds (it contains soluble fiber)